MAKE IN INDIA
Make in India is an initiative program launched by the by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014 in a function at the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. This program has been launched to encourage Multinational Companies and Domestic companies to manufacture their products in India and make India a manufacturing hub.
INDIA RANKED THE NO.1 INVESTMENT DESTINATION IN THE WORLD AS PER THE 2O15 BASELINE PROFITABILITY INDEX (BPI)
To prevent rejection of the products developed from India by the global market, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi has coined a slogan –” Zero Defect Zero Effect”. The slogan is also aimed to promote the products having no defects and the process through which product is made has zero adverse environmental and ecological effects. The initiative hopes to increase GDP growth and tax revenue. The initiative also aims at high quality standards and minimizing the impact on the environment. The initiative hopes to attract capital and technological investment in India.
The major objective behind the initiative is to focus on 25 sectors of the economy for job creation and skill enhancement. The sectors which are covered under this program are:
- Automobile Components
- Defence Manufacturing
- Electrical Machinery
- Electronic Systems
- Food Processing
- IT and BPM
- Media and Entertainment
- Oil and Gas
- Ports and shipping
- Renewal Energy
- Roads and Highways
- Textiles and Garments
- Thermal Power
- Tourism and Hospitality
Aarisa Pitha of Odisha, Gushtaba of Kashmir, Chicken Curry of Punjab, Khakhra and Khandvi of Gujarat, Bamboo Steam Fish, Vada and Medhu Vada of South India, Khaja and Inarsa of Bihar and Kebab of Uttar Pradesh and Puran Poli of Maharashtra have been selected as traditional regional food to be promoted in the campaign.
WHY MAKE IN INDIA INITIATIVES?
India is a big hub of various raw materials, which are used to manufacture various products. At present raw materials are being exported to foreign countries then these raw materials are converted there into finished good and then finished goods are imported by India. It is like someone taking our product and selling to us on higher rate. While in MII, the foreign countries are being invited to establish their own manufacture unit in India, take raw materials from here and sell finished goods from India. The idea behind it, to reduce finished goods price, increase employment and move India towards development.
Target is to grow the manufacturing sector’s contribution from 17 percent of India’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2013 to 25 percent within the next decade. A rapidly growing manufacturing sector is the only way India can create highly productive jobs for the 10 million-plus youngsters who join the country’s labour force each year and the much larger number of farmers who need to move from working the soil to the working on the factory floor.
FDI SECTORS WITH CAPS
- Petroleum Refining by PSU (49%).
- Teleports (setting up of up-linking HUBs/Teleports), Direct to Home (DTH), Cable Networks (Multi-system operators (MSOs) operating at national, state or district level and undertaking upgradation of networks towards digitalization and addressability), Mobile TV and Headend-in-the-Sky Broadcasting Service (HITS) – (74%).
- Cable Networks (49%).
- Broadcasting content services- FM Radio (26%), uplinking of news and current affairs TV channels (26%).
- Print Media dealing with news and current affairs (26%).
- Air transport services- scheduled air transport (49%), non-scheduled air transport (74%).
- Ground handling services – Civil Aviation (74%).
- Satellites- establishment and operation (74%).
- Private security agencies (49%).
- Private Sector Banking- Except branches or wholly owned subsidiaries (74%).
- Public Sector Banking (20%).
- Commodity exchanges (49%).
- Credit information companies (74%).
- Infrastructure companies in securities market (49%).
- Insurance and sub-activities (49%).
- Power exchanges (49%).
- Defence (49% above 49% to CCS).
RECENT POLICY MEASURES IN FDI
- 100% FDI allowed in medical devices
- FDI cap increased in insurance & sub-activities from 26% to 49%
- 100% FDI allowed in the telecom sector.
- 100% FDI in single-brand retail.
- FDI in commodity exchanges, stock exchanges & depositories, power exchanges, petroleum refining by PSUs, courier services under the government route has now been brought under the automatic route.
- Removal of restriction in tea plantation sector.
- FDI limit raised to 74% in credit information & 100% in asset reconstruction companies.
- FDI limit of 26% in defence sector raised to 49% under Government approval route. Foreign Portfolio Investment up to 24% permitted under automatic route. FDI beyond 49% is also allowed on a case to case basis with the approval of Cabinet Committee on Security.
- Construction, operation and maintenance of specified activities of Railway sector opened to 100% foreign direct investment under automatic route.
The Make in India program includes major new initiatives designed to facilitate investment, foster innovation, protect intellectual property, and build best-in-class manufacturing infrastructure.
Government has also announced many tax incentives to transform India into a global manufacturing hub and attract large scale investment.
Amendments are also done in many corporate/ commercial laws in order to ease the business environment in India and make anyone from anywhere in the world to start business in India with minimum statutory requirements. Approval are made online and a single portal named “ebiz” has been launched to provide single window clearance.
RESPONSES TO “MAKE IN INDIA”
- The Spice Group said it would start a mobile phone manufacturing unit in Uttar Pradesh with an investment of 500 crore. A memorandum of understanding was signed between the Spice Group and the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
- HyunChil Hong, the President & CEO of Samsung South West Asia, met with Kalraj Mishra, Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), to discuss a joint initiative under which 10 “MSME-Samsung Technical Schools” will be established in India. In February, Samsung said that will manufacture the Samsung Z1 in its plant in Noida.
- Hitachi said it was committed to the initiative. It said that it would increase its employees in India from 10,000 to 13,000 and it would try to increase its revenues from India from ¥100 billion in 2013 to ¥ 210 billion. It said that an auto-component plant will be set up in Chennai in 2016.
- Huawei opened a new research and development (R&D) campus in Bengaluru. It had invested US$170 million to establish the research and development center.
- France-based LH Aviation signed a MoU with OIS Advanced Technologies to set up a manufacturing plant in India to manufacture drones.
- German engineering conglomerate Siemens will invest one billion euro (over Rs. 7,400 crore) in India and add 4,000 jobs under ‘Make in India’ initiative.
For details regarding polices and initiatives taken by the Government under this program click on the link “Make In India”
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